The Elon Musk clown present is over, expert attorneys take over

A really uncommon case is ongoing. Will or not it’s settled in courtroom with a binary choice or externally in a negotiated settlement?

Picture from StockCharts.Com annotations by Mish

Clown time is over

Musical tribute

A phrase about delaware

Apparently clown time not over but

Rebuttal to clowns

Case outcomes

Bloomberg’s has a wonderful article on binary outcomes in a courtroom case.

Matt Levine is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist protecting finance. He was an editor of Dealbreaker, an funding banker at Goldman Sachs, a mergers and acquisitions lawyer at Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz, and a clerk for the US Court docket of Appeals for the third Circuit.

Briefly, his opinion is nicely price studying.

Please take into account The Worth of Not Shopping for Twitter by Matt Levine.

Merger agreements are contracts, and in principle a jilted vendor may sue a purchaser for expectation damages, however in apply merger agreements usually restrict the provision of damages. Particularly, the Twitter merger settlement (Part 8.3(c)) says that Twitter cannot get greater than $1 billion of damages from Musk, which can also be the quantity of the reverse termination payment that Musk has to pay Twitter in sure circumstances.

However, as we mentioned on Saturday, Twitter has a greater choice. It may possibly sue for particular efficiency, and ask a Delaware decide to order Musk to pay, not $1 billion or $24 billion, however the entire $44 billion to really shut the deal and purchase Twitter.

Three potential courtroom outcomes, two are primarily the identical

  1. Agree with Musk, and let him terminate the deal with out paying something.
  2. Agree with Twitter that Musk is sure by his contract, after which make him pay $1 billion, the utmost out there damages, for breaching the contract.
  3. Agree with Twitter that Musk is sure by his contract, after which order particular efficiencymaking him pay $44 billion to really purchase Twitter.

For Musk, $1 billion and nothing are primarily the identical vs the potential for $44 billion. Levine involves the identical conclusion and in addition discards choice number one as it’s the least possible consequence.

In essence now we have a binary consequence. If neither facet is prepared to gamble on that consequence, there generally is a negotiated settlement over particular efficiency.

I’ve seen talks of $20 per share in damages however the sides may agree on something. Suppose Twitter agrees to $5 billion in damages. Would shareholders be pleased?

Obstacles to negotiated settlement

Elon Musk is wealthy, bizarre and cussed, and won’t settle even when it is in his finest pursuits. Twitter’s administrators are in an ungainly spot: They’re underneath a ton of scrutiny, they’ve a great authorized case, and they’re going to in all probability be sued by disgruntled shareholders in the event that they accept something lower than particular efficiency at $54.20 per share, even when doing so is in shareholders’ finest pursuits.

  • Typically, funding bankers would like that the offers they work on shut. Twitter’s bankers — primarily Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. — will receives a commission some huge cash if Musk buys Twitter; they’ll receives a commission much less if he does not.
  • Musk’s bankers — a bunch led by Morgan Stanley — have a extra sophisticated set of incentives. If the deal closes, they’ll get massive charges for advising on the merger, and larger charges for lining up Musk’s $13 billion debt financing. However that debt financing is dedicated; the banks are on the hook to place up the $13 billion themselves, even when they cannot discover another patrons for the debt.

due diligence

What in regards to the bots?

Curiously, extra bots are good

Extra bots are good half II

“What’s most ridiculous to me, and is the primary level of this thread, is that this foolish conception that extra bots *undoubtedly* means the enterprise is a fraud, and may tank $TWTR’s truthful valuation. Give it some thought for only a minute and also you notice that this is unnecessary.”

Questions abound

If that is settled in courtroom in a binary trend, Musk seems to be in a really poor place.

Not solely did Musk waive due diligence, however Daniel McCarthy, Advertising and marketing Prof @EmoryUniversity and Stats PhD @Wharton makes a powerful case that Musk’s concern over Bots makes little sense.

Would Twitter administration cross up an opportunity to get $5 to $10 billion in money if Musk supplied that a lot?

Does an organization actually wish to pressure a sale to a purchaser who doesn’t need the corporate?

Does the present board simply wish to stroll away, rattling the corporate?