Anti-Piracy Lawyer Wins ‘Distinctive’ YTS Trademark Case Towards Pirate Websites & Apps * TorrentFreak

YTS logoTwo years in the past, Hawaiian anti-piracy lawyer Kerry Culpepper turned a few of the hottest piracy manufacturers into a robust anti-piracy instrument.

The lawyer, who’s listed as director of the corporate ’42 Ventures,’ registered a number of piracy-related emblems, together with ‘YTS’ and ‘Popcorn Time.’

The corporate, which was based a 12 months earlier, legally claimed these marks and makes use of them on a web site that does not draw any important site visitors. What did get folks’s consideration, nonetheless, had been the enforcement actions that adopted.

YTS Trademark Enforcement

Shortly after the emblems had been granted, Culpepper managed to droop the Twitter account of a preferred Popcorn Time fork. He supplied to return it in change for a Popcorn Time licensing deal, which failed.

As well as, the lawyer additionally filed a YTS trademark infringement lawsuit on behalf of 42 Ventures. The grievance, filed at a Hawaii federal court docket, focused the operators of,,,, and, plus apps akin to “Y Films,” “YTS Films Library” and “YTS motion pictures.”

The folks behind these websites, who’re believed to be from India, China and Egypt, used the YTS model as a promotional instrument. This is not unusual, as YTS has been a preferred pirate model for years. After initially belonging to a long-defunct launch group, others now use it to lure in pirates.

Case Dismissed

Because the lawsuit progressed, a number of defendants selected to settle the matter below undisclosed phrases. Three others failed to reply fully, nonetheless, which prompted 42 Ventures to request $250,000 default judgments towards the entire remaining defendants.

This did not go as easily because the trademark proprietor would have hoped. Whereas there was little question that the YTS websites and apps used the trademark with out permission, the Hawaiian federal court docket concluded that it did not have jurisdiction over the overseas defendants.

In an order issued practically two years in the past, Choose Watson wrote that the defendants’ connections with US-based companies together with Cloudflare, Amazon, and Namecheap, do not show that the location and app operators subjected themselves to US jurisdiction. As such, the case was dismissed.

Attraction and Do-over

Lawyer Kerry Culpepper did not quit. On behalf of 42 Ventures, he appealed the District Courtroom’s determination and received. The Ninth Circuit court docket granted him the choice to amend the unique grievance to handle the jurisdiction’s shortcomings.

In keeping with the appeals court docket, jurisdiction will be invoked if the defendants intentionally use US-based servers to enhance speeds for US guests.

“[D]liberally selecting servers in the US to allow quicker service to US-based clients might point out purposeful path to the US,” the Ninth Circuit Courtroom wrote.

Earlier this 12 months, the case went again to the Hawaii District Courtroom the place an amended grievance was filed. The court docket appeared on the situation once more and, a couple of days in the past, this was in a transparent win for 42 Ventures.

Overseas Defendants Might be Sued

The order, launched by Hawaii District Courtroom Choose Derrick Watson, adopts the report and proposals issued by Justice of the Peace Choose Wes Porter final month and concludes the court docket has jurisdiction.

After reviewing all of the arguments, which additionally cite a latest appeals court docket jurisdiction determination within the case towards the Pakistani proprietor of the defunct torrent web site MKVCage, the court docket agrees that default judgments will be issued towards the three defendants.

“Based mostly on Plaintiff’s allegations that the Defendants have chosen to host their infringing web sites and apps on servers situated in the US, and these web sites and apps use or show Plaintiff’s YTS mark in reference to Defendants’ items and companies, the Courtroom finds Plaintiff has alleged Defendants’ tortious actions occurred in the US.

“That is underscored by the allegations that the Defendants additionally distribute pirated copies of movement footage with file names that embody Plaintiff’s mark to people in the US,” Justice of the Peace Choose Wes Porter provides.

Along with displaying that the actions happened in the US, 42 Ventures additionally confirmed that this wasn’t a mere coincidence. The defendants particularly used US-based companies to enhance pace and accessibility, the corporate asaid.

3X $250,000 YTS Trademark Infringement Damages

As compensation for its alleged losses, 42 Ventures requested $250,000 from defendant Mav, and $2 million from Shan and Azzan. Ruling on this request, the court docket agrees {that a} significant statutory damages award is acceptable.

After weighing the professionals and cons, Justice of the Peace Choose Wes Porter determined {that a} $250,000 trademark infringement damages award towards every defendant is acceptable right here. That brings whole damages to $750,000.

As well as, Choose Porter additionally accepted a everlasting injunction that prohibits defendants Shan and Azzan from utilizing the YTS trademark going ahead. An injunction towards defendant Mav isn’t wanted, as he has already shut down the YTS.MS web site beforehand.


All of the Justice of the Peace’s suggestions (pdf) had been taken over by District Courtroom Choose Derrick Watson late final week. That order is accessible right here (pdf)

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